Archbishop Stylianos HARKIANAKIS

On 3 February 1975, Harkianakis was elected Archbishop of Australia and Exarch of Oceania. He arrived in Sydney on 15 April and was enthroned on 26 April (Saturday of Lazarus). In this role, he engaged in many dialogues between Orthodoxy and other Christian groups, most prominently as co-chairman of the theological dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church, but also as co-chairman of the dialogue with the Anglican churches.

God made this land

for all mankind

A loving mother – for sorrowful refugees.

Accepting what the rest of the world rejected

Giving it back to the sun – a newly minted coin

Vast as the ocean

and endless as the Wilderness.

This land resembles the sea

Boundless, challenging, untamed virgin

Giving its food – rich yet salty

And returning for each kiss

an ambiguous embrace.

This was the first poem the late Archbishop Stylianos wrote soon after his arrival in Sydney in April 1975 to take up his new appointment as primate of the Greek Orthodox Church in Australia. The Church had been in Australia, officially since 1924, and in the decades before his arrival, it had struggled to establish itself and meet the growing demands of the Greek settlers who arrived in ever-increasing numbers. His Eminence is warm and personally charming and from the first does not try to hide a certain toughness, a hard-headed view of the spiritual as well as the worldly position of the Greek Orthodox Church. He cuts from English to German to English easily, without effort. Speaking of the Church as a whole, he said: ‘We don’t want to become a global power but at the same time we don’t want to be slack – we want to take a middle course’.
‘I see the Church as a treasury containing the religious and national interests of the Greek people, a treasury which protects and interprets’. (extract from the book “the history of Greeks in Australia” by Josef Vondra)

Stylianos Harkianakis (Greek: Στυλιανός Χαρκιανάκης; 29 December 1935 – 25 March 2019) was the Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Australia and Primate of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia. He served as inaugural and permanent Chairman of the Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Churches in Australia and Dean of Saint Andrew’s Greek Orthodox Theological College. He was a theologian specialising in ecclesiology and also an award-winning poet.

Stylianos Harkianakis was born in Rethymno on the island of Crete, Greece, on 29 December 1935. He studied theology at the Theological School of Halki on the island of Halki and graduated in 1958. He was ordained a deacon in 1957 and a priest in 1958. He completed postgraduate studies in systematic theology and the philosophy of religion at the University of Bonn in West Germany from 1958 to 1966. His lecturers included Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI. He wrote his thesis on the concept that the Orthodox Church possessed infallibility when it acted together in conciliarity (e.g. the Ecumenical Councils). At that time, the idea of infallibility was thought to be an exclusively Roman Catholic idea, entirely alien to the Orthodox Church.

In 1965, whilst still completing his postgraduate studies, Harkianakis was appointed Professor of Theology at the University of Athens. In 1966, he was appointed abbot of the Holy Patriarchal Monastery of Vlatodon, in Thessaloniki. He was a founding member, then became vice-president and later president, of the Patriarchal Institute of Patristic Studies within the monastery. From 1969 to 1975, he lectured in systematic theology at the University of Thessaloniki.

In 1970, Harkianakis was elected the Titular Metropolitan of Militoupolis (whilst remaining in the Holy Monastery of Vlatadon) as exarch in matters concerning Northern Greece and Mt. Athos.

Archbishop of Australia
On February 3rd 1975, Harkianakis was elected Archbishop of Australia and Exarch of Oceania. He arrived in Sydney on April 15 and was enthroned on April 26 (Saturday of Lazarus). In this role, he engaged in many dialogues between Orthodoxy and other Christian groups, most prominently as co-chairman of the theological dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church, but also as co-chairman of the dialogue with the Anglican churches.

Harkianakis taught Orthodox theology and spirituality at Sydney University since 1975. In 1986 he became the inaugural dean of St Andrew’s Theological College where he also served as Lecturer in Systematic Theology.

Harkianakis died following a lengthy illness in Sydney on 25 March 2019, on the holy day of the Annunciation of the Theotokos.

Awards
In 1973, Harkianakis was awarded the International Award Gottfried von Herder. A noted poet with an extensive bibliography, he was given the Award for Poetry from the Academy of Athens in 1980. In 1985 he received an honorary doctorate from Lublin University, Poland. One of his poems, “After Ephialtes”, was set to music by Costas Tsicaderis.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stylianos_Harkianakis

Ο Στυλιανός Χαρκιανάκης γεννήθηκε στο Ρέθυμνο της Κρήτης στις 29 Δεκεμβρίου 1935. Αποφοίτησε από τη Θεολογική Σχολή της Χάλκης το 1958. Διάκονος χειροτονήθηκε το 1957 και Πρεσβύτερος στις 28 Αυγούστου 1958. Από το 1966 μέχρι το 1975 υπηρέτησε ως Ηγούμενος της Ιεράς Πατριαρχικής και Σταυροπηγιακής Μονής Βλατάδων στη Θεσσαλονίκη. Διετέλεσε Υφηγητής της Θεολογικής Σχολής Θεσσαλονίκης (1969-1975). Στις 6 Δεκεμβρίου 1970 χειροτονήθηκε τιτουλάριος Μητροπολίτης Μιλητουπόλεως. Στις 13 Φεβρουαρίου 1975 εξελέγη Αρχιεπίσκοπος Αυστραλίας. Εκοιμήθη στις 25 Μαρτίου 2019.

Γεννήθηκε στο Ρέθυμνο της Κρήτης στις 29 Δεκεμβρίου 1935. Σπούδασε θεολογία στη Θεολογική Σχολή της Χάλκης, από όπου αποφοίτησε το 1958. Χειροτονήθηκε διάκονος το 1957 και ιερέας το 1958. Ολοκλήρωσε τις μεταπτυχιακές του σπουδές στη συστηματική θεολογία και τη φιλοσοφία της θρησκείας στη Βόννη της Γερμανίας, από το 1958 έως το 1966. Στους διδασκάλους του συμπεριλαμβανόταν ο Καρδινάλιος Γιόζεφ Ράτσινγκερ, ο οποίος αργότερα έγινε ο Πάπας Βενέδικτος ΙΣΤ΄. Έγραψε τη διατριβή του στην ιδέα πως η Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία κατείχε το αλάθητο όταν ενεργούσε από κοινού με συνοδικότητα (π.χ. τα Οικουμενικά Συμβούλια). Τη περίοδο αυτή, η ιδέα του αλάθητου φαινόταν πως ανήκε αποκλειστικά στη Ρωμαιοκαθολική Εκκλησία, και ήταν εντελώς ξένη στην Ορθόδοξη.

  • Το 1965, ενώ ολοκλήρωνε τις μεταπτυχιακές του σπουδές, ανακυρήχθηκε καθηγητής Θεολογίας στο Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών.
  • Το 1966 ορίστηκε ηγούμενος στη Μονή Βλατάδων στη Θεσσαλονίκη. Ήταν ιδρυτικό μέλος, στη συνέχεια αντιπρόεδρος και εν τέλει πρόεδρος, του Πατριαρχικού Ινστιτούτου Πατερικών Μελετών στη μονή. Από το 1969 έως το 1975, δίδαξε συστηματική θεολογία στο Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης.
  • Το 1970, εξελέγη Τιτουλάριος Μητροπολίτης Μιλητουπόλεως (ενώ παρέμενε στην Ιερά Μονή Βλατάδων) ως έξαρχος υπεύθυνος για θέματα που απασχολούσαν τη βόρεια Ελλάδα και το Άγιον Όρος. Το 1975, ο Στυλιανός Χαρκιανάκης εξελέγη Αρχιεπίσκοπος Αυστραλίας και Έξαρχος Ωκεανίας. Κατέχοντας αυτή τη θέση, συμμετείχε σε αρκετούς διαλόγους μεταξύ της Ορθοδοξίας και άλλων Χριστιανικών ομάδων. Η πλέον περίοπτη θέση που κατείχε ήταν αυτή του αντιπροέδρου του θεολογικού διαλόγου με τη Ρωμαικαθολική Εκκλησία, αλλά και ως αντιπρόεδρος με τις Αγγλικανικές εκκλησίες.

πηγή: sbs.com.au

Place of Origin: Rethymno, Crete, Greece
Occupation: Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Australia and Primate of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia [1975-2019]
Born: December 29, 1935
Died: March 25, 2019

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